Test Your Internet Savvy
- By Vicki Smith Bigham
- January 1st, 1999
1. What is the Internet?
A. The Information Superhighway
B. A worldwide network of connected computers and other networks
C. An on-line library of resources
D. All of the above
2. What is the World Wide Web (WWW)?
A. An Internet-based e-mail system
B. The brand name for an Internet site
C. Another name for the Internet
3. What is a Web browser?
A. A software program
B. A location for reading & posting messages
C. Another name given to the Internet
4. What is a Web site?
A. The location of the Internet index
B. An HTML-generating application program
C. A group of related Web pages
5. What is a Web page?
A. An HTML document
B. A sub-system of a Web chapter
C. The administrator of the Web site
6. What is a home page?
A. Your own personal Web site.
B. An Internet-based listing of real estate options
C. The central or most important page on a Web site
7. What is a URL?
A. Unidentified Resource List
B. Universal Resource Locator
C. A hit list, or User Revelation List
8. What is a domain name?
A. The name of a downloaded file
B. The registered part of a URL address
C. Your own e-mail address
9. What is a bookmark?
A. A feature of your browser
B. A decorative screen saver
C. The speed of your modem
10. What is an ISP?
A. Internal Service Provider
B. Internet Service Provider
C. Information Service Protocol
11. What is a hyperlink?
A. A quick connection between two different Web documents
B. A hotlist of information resources
C. An information handler
12. What is a search engine?
A. A quick way to log on to the Internet
B. A computer program that helps you find Internet information
C. A research-oriented Web site
13. What does it mean to surf the Net?
A. Look for a keyword
B. Send e-mail to a mass of people regarding your Web site
C. Browse Web sites for fun
14. What is an AUP?
A. Access to user program
B. Acceptable use policy
C. Access user protocol
1. D. The Internet is an enormous, worldwide network of computers that was initiated by the U.S. military and universities to allow them to communicate on projects and distribute information. In the event of a national emergency, for example, if one site was eliminated, other sites would still have access to vital information needed.
In the mid-’80s, the National Science Foundation established five supercomputer centers for research and built a network that made them available to those who could not easily travel to the physical site. Through the next couple of years, the network expanded until it became the fastest network in the United States. Corporations, universities and research centers began to make use of it. Today, K-12 schools, other education agencies and institutions, public libraries and the general public around the world are accessing and sharing information on the Internet.
The Internet is somewhat like a vast library of information just waiting to be found and used. Anyone - formal publishers, organizations and research institutions as well as students, teachers, parents and anyone who wants to create and post information for others to see - can provide the Internet information or content.
2. C. The World Wide Web or, as it is often called, WWW or the Web, is actually the fastest growing part of the Internet - and the easiest to navigate. At one point in 1995, there were scarcely more than 50 sites on the Web. A year later, there were more than 50,000, and the numbers have been mushrooming since then. The World Wide Web is, these days, used almost as a synonym for the Internet.
3 A. A Web browser is a software program that allows you to navigate the World Wide Web. Today, the most common browsers in use are Netscape Navigator and Microsoft Internet Explorer.
An on-line bulletin board offers a place users can read and post messages. A bulletin board is actually a computer program running on a host computer that can be accessed by others.
4. C. Web sites are organized collections of Web pages of text- and graphics-based information on a host computer. They might be created and maintained by companies, government agencies, universities, schools, associations or individuals. The Web sites can be navigated using a Web browser.
5. A. A Web page is one page of information at a Web site. HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is the Internet standard for displaying formatted text, graphics and animation on the Web. There are a variety of software programs that can generate HTML, and these programs run on various types of computers. Because HTML is a standard, Web pages generated on one computer and HTML program look the same on all kinds of computers, regardless of which type of Web browser is being used.
The administrator of a Web site is referred to as its Webmaster.
6. C. The Home Page for a given Web site is the first page that appears when the site is accessed by a Web browser. This page usually functions as a guide to the Web site – it may offer a menu of options or buttons to click to access various sections of the site. The term also refers to the first page the Web browser displays when it is connected to the Internet. Most browsers allow users to personalize the Home Page, usually in a menu item called "Preferences," and choose what it will be each time users access the Internet.
7. B. A URL (Universal Resource Locator) is the unique identifier, or address, for an Internet Web site. All Web page URLs follow a prescribed format. The first part tells what kind of site is at the address. Web sites beginning with http:// (HyperText Transfer Protocol), for example, tell you that the page is a Web site and is in HTML format. To contrast, ftp (File Transfer Protocol) means that the site contains computer-readable files that can be downloaded; ftp is the standard for transferring files.
When you enter search terms into a search engine, the list of addresses of sites that match your search criteria is called a hit list, and the entries on that list are called hits.
8. B. A URL looks something like the following: http://www.domain-name-address.ext. The domain-name-address identifies the name of the host computer where the information is located and also the address of the specific site or page on that computer. The domain name must be registered, and the extension in a URL indicates what type of organization hosts the Web site. Some common domain names include .com (commercial organization), .edu (educational institution or agency), .gov (government agency), .net (network provider) and .org (organization or association).
Download refers to the transfer of a file from the Internet or some other host computer to your own computer. When you download or transfer a file from the Internet or some other host computer to your own computer, it will have a filename - or you can rename it.
E-mail refers to text messages that are sent from an electronic mailbox on your computer to one or more other electronic mailboxes using a messaging computer program. Each e-mail user has an address that tells the communication system where to deliver messages.
9. A. An Internet bookmark is a feature of your browser that lets you store the addresses of Web pages you frequently visit or want to save in a handy list. Bookmarks save you time in returning to sites you want to visit frequently, because you can just select the bookmark from a menu rather than having to type in the complete address, or URL, of the site.
The speed of your modem is described in terms of baud rate (or bps) - the number of bits per second that a modem can transmit or receive. The higher the bps, the faster you can access information.
10. B. An Internet Service Provider is some kind of organization, usually commercial but sometimes a group such as an education agency, that sells access to the Internet. There are also some national services, such as America Online, CompuServe, Prodigy, the Microsoft Network and others that have Web browsers and can provide you with access to the Internet.
Web sites that provide information internally within an organization or company are called intranets.
11. A. A hyperlink is the connection from one Web page to other pages on the Internet and World Wide Web. It works as follows: When viewing information on a Web page, information that is underlined and typically in another color indicates a link to related information. Clicking on the underlined text allows you to hyperlink, or jump, to the related document and information. These underlined words are also referred to as hypertext.
A hotlist offers a list of quick connections via hypertext between pages of information. A hotlist may be a list of someone’s favorite Web site addresses; you will find Web sites that are merely hotlists of other sites on specific topics or areas of interest.
12. B. A search engine is a tool that helps you search the Internet for information. The Internet sites that provide this kind of tool are also referred to as search engines. Some of the popular ones include Yahoo, Lycos, Alta Vista and Hotbot.
13. C. Using the Internet as a research tool, while fascinating and time-saving in many ways, is still considered work for most users. Surfing means exploring in some kind of casual or semi-random fashion, and though it tends to look a lot like doing research, the connotation is that the purpose is enjoyment rather than work.
A keyword is a word that can be searched for in a document.
14. A. An acceptable use policy, or AUP, as it is often labeled, is an agreement or contract used to outline specifically how the Internet, the World Wide Web and accompanying computers and software will be used in an educational setting.
Vicki Smith Bigham is managing partner of Bigham Technology Solutions in Houston, with experience in higher education technology issues.